Glaucoma

Cartoon image of glaucoma.

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States, making it an important public health priority. Although there are several factors that cause glaucoma, all types of glaucoma are characterized by damage to the optic nerve. This damage prevents the brain from receiving appropriate visual information, resulting in vision loss. If you experience any change in vision, contact an eye care provider immediately for a full examination.

Causes of Glaucoma

Although there are many types of glaucoma and the exact causes are unknown, the general characteristics are understood. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease. This form results when the eye cannot drain fluids efficiently, leading to increased pressure in the eye and damage to the optic nerve. Changes to the blood supply fueling the optic nerve may also cause optic nerve damage, resulting in vision loss.

A less common form of glaucoma, called angle-closure glaucoma, occurs when the drainage angle between the iris and cornea is blocked. This causes a rapid buildup of fluid, which can permanently damage vision within one day of its onset. Other forms of glaucoma form because of medical conditions, physical injuries, abnormal eye conditions, or medication use.

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

Certain groups of people are at greater risk for developing glaucoma.

  • Older adults. Individuals greater than 60 years old are at increased risk for developing the disease. The risk continues to rise slightly for each year beyond 60.
  • African Americans and Asians. African Americans are significantly more likely to develop glaucoma than Caucasians, and that risk begins to rise at age 40. Similarly, Asian individuals are at greater risk of angle-closure glaucoma, while people of Japanese descent at a high risk of another form of the disease called low-tension glaucoma.
  • Diabetes and cardiovascular disease. These medical conditions significantly increase glaucoma risk and high blood pressure is a risk factor for the disease.
  • Family history. If you have one or more first-degree relatives with glaucoma, your risk for the disease increases. This suggests that there may be a genetic component to developing glaucoma.
  • Corticosteroid use. Corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation related to arthritis, lupus, and other conditions. Chronic use of corticosteroids may increase your risk of developing glaucoma

Diagnosis and Treatment

A thorough optometry exam includes checking for symptoms of glaucoma. To make a diagnosis, the eye care provider may measure corneal thickness, check the pressure inside your eyes, test changes to your vision, evaluate your retinas, and assess abnormal eye anatomy. If glaucoma is caught early, further vision loss can be prevented. Treatments commonly include medications to reduce intraocular pressure or surgery. If you have noticed vision changes, ask your eye doctor to determine if glaucoma may be the underlying cause.

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Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule

Monday:

11:00 am-7:00 pm

Tuesday:

11:00 am-7:00 pm

Wednesday:

11:00 am-7:00 pm

Thursday:

11:00 am-7:00 pm

Friday:

11:00 am-7:00 pm

Saturday:

11:00 am-6:00 pm

Sunday:

Closed

Patient Reviews

  • "The doctor is very friendly and the staffs are nice as well"
    Fatin Nazat
  • "Dr. Pirozzolo was amazing. He moved my appoint up to accommodate my schedule. He worked with my insurance to make sure I get the best possible deal. And then he was very professional, comprehensive and pleasant during my exam. I love my contacts and would complete recommend Dr. Pirozzolo!"
    David Levine
  • "I highly recommend Steinway Eye Care. Jermain was extremely patient, knowledgeable and consistently provided much guidance and support as I chose a pair of eye frames. The optician, Sam is very personable, thorough and also knowledgeable."
    Haydee Cerezo
  • "The staff is extremely friendly and knowledegable and they have excellent customer service. Germaine is one of my favorite staff, he exhibits very professional and courteous mannerisms. I highly recommend this place."
    Anna Anthesis
  • "I used to go down the street they closed down and expect me to travel all the way to Woodside to their new location so i asked around and was told about Mr. Jermaine at steinway eye care , Boy am I happy I came here. He was so knowledgeable on everything and i will only deal with him. if you come to steinway stop in and ask for Jermaine"
    Jasmine Roberts